Pharmacy as a science belonging to the field of Biomedicine and Health and in fact represents the scientific field of this wider scientific area. This affiliation predominantly characterizes pharmacy as a science to which it is the subject of studying human beings and their health, but is more closely focused on studying the medicine, as such.
Thus, pharmacy becomes a multidisciplinary science that includes both basic science advanced knowledge in the field of medicine, chemistry, and biology, as well as some other natural sciences, such as physics, botany, and mathematics. This definition of pharmacy points to the need for a permanent and comprehensive one the acquisition of knowledge, not only in the field of medicine but also from other related natural sciences, thereby dealing with this doctrine becomes extremely demanding and complicated.
The pharmaceutical industry has always represented, and this is especially the case in the last decades, one of the most burdensome and profitable activities. By introducing the so-called smart medicines that are produced by genetic techniques engineering and procedures used in biotechnology, the need for rapid development and adoption of new knowledge is further emphasized.
Here, it is not only thought of in the field of molecular biology and biotechnology, but at the same time on the ways of delivering and testing the quality of these highly sophisticated drugs, but also on the continuous monitoring of the safety of the use of such drugs.
The necessity of deepening knowledge from each area that is related to the medicine is imposed by the fact that the pharmaceutical industry, after aviation industry, represents another, strictly regulated industry in the world. Although the medicine represents its primary interest, pharmacy is not just a science that deals with finding, designing and producing medications, medicinal preparations, and monitoring and recording their effects and side effects.
In support of this claim, there is a whole series of medical specializations that are traditionally intended for masters of pharmacy, both in our country and abroad. These are Pharmacognosy, Examination and drug control, Pharmaceutical technology, Toxicology chemistry, Medical Biochemistry, Clinical Pharmacy, Sanitary Chemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics, Pharmaceutical Informatics and Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmacy pharmacy.
The beginnings of pharmacy as an independent profession appear in the cities of the Mediterranean where was the influence of the Salerno medical school, the most famous middle age school for the education of doctors and pharmacists. The Sicilian King and Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich II Hohenstaufen brought between 1231 and 1240 the Constitutions, the provisions governing the entire health service in the country.
These provisions introduced major changes in the legislation of the Middle Ages in general and included the part relating to medical medicine on the separation of medicine from a pharmacy. This part is known as the Sicilian Edict (Salerno Edict), which formally separate professions of treatment and preparation of drugs. By introducing these provisions in 1240, the common tree of medicine and pharmacy split into two separate branches, which will further develop independently. The Salerno edict established a model that pharmacy followed throughout Europe.